What is ADA?
Who benefits from accessibility?
- using mobile phones, smart watches, smart TVs and other devices with small screens, different input modes, etc.
- with changing abilities due to aging
- with “temporary disabilities” such as a broken arm or lost glasses
- with “situational limitations” such as in bright sunlight or in an environment where they cannot listen to audio
- using a slow internet connection or who have limited or expensive bandwidth
What does ADA mean for websites?
- Perceivable – ensure all content ad media is usable by all.
- Images should have Alternate tags/descriptions
- Videos should have captions
- Proper color contrast
- Operable. – having a website that can be navigated with a keyboard, making sure moving sections can be paused if a user needs more time, Ensuring pages and sections are clearly labeled
- Understandable. – The language of the page should be programmatically identifiable, Navigation is consistent across the website, Areas of the website that require user input (like contact forms) have ample instructions included.
- Robust.– website’s code is “robust” enough to help assistive readers understand the code.
How do we go about making our website ADA compliant?
- Color Contrasting – design for sufficient contrast between the color of the text and the color of the background; Avoid putting a light font color on a light background;
- Fonts – use fonts that are easy to read; and make fonts larger
- Use Alt Image Text – Make sure the images on your website have descriptive alt tags. Alt tags are used by screen readers, players, and voiceovers to describe elements on a website to users.
- Analyze Site Logic Flow – make sure that forms on your site are labeled properly and make sure that form fields are in a logical tab order. make your site accessible to those who can’t use a mouse
- Headings – Use headings correctly to organize the structure of your content.
- Links – Give your links unique and descriptive names. (Example: Try not to say: “Click here to read about our company.”; instead say “To learn more about our company, read About Us.”
- Add captions for Video & Audio Content– Videos or Audios on your site should be close captioned so that those with hearing disabilities can follow along
- Content management System – if you are about to build a new website, choose a content management system that supports accessibility. Common examples include Drupal and WordPress, but there are many other options available.